Protesters on December 18 in Lima, Perú / credit: Mayimbú / Wikipedia

Peru Coup, Argentina Arrest and Attacks on “Pink Tide” Highlight Importance of People’s Movements: Q&A with James Early

What brought about the parliamentary coup against Peruvian President Pedro Castillo? James Early, former director of Cultural Heritage Policy at the Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage at the Smithsonian Institution and board member of the Institute for Policy Studies, breaks it down. He explains what it means for Latin America's Pink Tide in an interview with Jacqueline Luqman and Sean Blackmon on Radio Sputnik's afternoon program, "By Any Means Necessary."

In recent years, Malian leaders have turned to Russia / credit: Twitter / De Olho No Front

An African View On Ukraine: Q&A with Dr. Fred M’Membe of Socialist Party of Zambia

"By Any Means Necessary" hosts Sean Blackmon and Jacqueline Luqman were joined November 8 by Dr. Fred M’membe, president of the Socialist Party of Zambia, to discuss the conflict in Ukraine from an African perspective, the shared history between Russia and African countries, why African countries continue to remain neutral on Ukraine, and why African countries continue to push for de-escalation and peace.