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The African Liberation Forces of Mauritania Speak on Slavery and Genocide in the Sahel


At opposite ends of Africa’s Sahel, Sudan and Mauritania hold the distinction of being two nations where the practice of slavery remains intact at the dawn of the 21st century. Sudan is in the headlines now, due to the crisis in Darfur, and mounting calls for foreign intervention. Mauritania remains in the shadows-despite the fact it is still reckoning with the consequences of a Darfur-style wave of ethnic cleansing that began in 1989, with little note from the international community. read more


How Fast Can UN Peacekeeping Move?

After difficult negotiations regarding the composition and command of an expanded Unifil to guard south Lebanon and to consolidate a fragile cease-fire, at the end of August, the UN Security Council voted on resolution 1706 to constitute a 22,500 member UN peacekeeping  force - mostly military with some additional civilian police - for Darfur, Sudan. 


Somalia, the Horn of Africa and US Troops in Odd Places

Today's street gang killers in Somalia were barely 10 years old when I first came to Mogadishu in 1988. Since heavy fighting broke out again in Mogadishu in early May 2006, far more than 300 people have been killed and many more have been injured. Somalia has been the focus of repeated US attention. One might have thought that after the complete failure of the "Black Hawk Down" or officially the "Operation Restore Hope" mission in 1993, the US would have decided to call it quits in Somalia. They have not. (1)


Leopold Sedar Senghor: “Who will teach rhythm to the world laid low by machines and cannons?”

This year marks the 100th anniversary of the birth of Leopold Sedar Senghor, poet, cultural thinker, and first President of independent Senegal.  At a time when the dialogue among civilizations as well as a possible clash among civilizations is on the world political agenda, it is useful to look at the lasting contribution of Senghor in an article devoted to Senghor as a poet and cultural thinker.