Innu activists descend the Grand River (Churchill) after the Lower Churchill project is announced, 1998. Photo credit: Alexis Lathem

Damming Muskrat Falls: Land and River Protectors in Canada Recharge the Debate on Mega-Dams

Almost twenty years ago I made an eleven-day canoe journey down one of North America’s grandest rivers, the Grand River in Labrador, Canada. Our guides were four indigenous elders who had grown up traveling the river. We listened to their stories. We ate porcupine and goose and salmon. The trip ended at Muskrat Falls, where we hauled our canoes up a trail that had been used for generations by the region’s indigenous people. Today, Muskrat Falls is the site of a 12-billion-dollar mega hydroelectric project; the falls no longer exist.


Vandana Shiva: Seed Freedom is an Ethical and Ecological Imperative

The duty to save seeds and defend seed freedom is an ethical and ecological imperative. Seeds are the first link in the food chain and the repository of life’s future evolution. As such, it is our inherent duty and responsibility to protect them and to pass them on to future generations. The growing of seeds and their free exchange among farmers is the basis of maintaining biodiversity and food security.